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Nearsightedness is a refractive error. The nearsighted eye is usually longer than a normal eye, and its cornea may also be steeper. Therefore, when light passes through the cornea and lens, it is focused in front of the retina, which makes distant images appear blurred.


Objects close to your eyes will appear clearly but become blurry as they move farther away from your eyes. Most people would say they have trouble seeing objects that are far away unless they wear glasses or contact lenses.


Glasses or contact lenses are a few of the options available to correct nearsightedness. Typically after the age of 18 when myopia stabilizes, laser vision correction, such as LASIK, and several refractive surgery solutions are effective long-term treatments to correct nearly all levels of nearsightedness.